Types of Providers

There is a wide array of mental health professionals with a variety of different backgrounds, education, knowledge, skills, areas of specialty and licenses.  Below is a short description of the types of mental health professions that are licensed in the state Indiana to treat mental health disorders.

Advance Practice Nurse

Most psychiatric nurses are trained first as nurses (R.N.), then obtain specialized training specific to psychiatric mental health nursing. Advanced practice nurses (APRN) hold master’s degrees in psychiatric-mental health nursing and can be either certified as a Clinical Nurse Specialist or Nurse Practitioner. An APRN can assess, diagnose, treat individuals or families with psychiatric problems/disorders, and can prescribe psychiatric medications.

Board Certified Behavior Analyst Board Certified Behavior Analysts (BCBAs) are professionals in applied behavior analysis. They conduct behavioral assessments and are able to design ethical and effective behavior interventions for clients. BCBAs hold master’s degrees with coursework specific to behavioral analysis. They address behavioral needs of individuals in diverse settings including building the skills and achievements of children in school settings and enhancing the development, abilities, and choices of children and adults with different kinds of disabilities.
Clinical Social Worker Clinical social workers are mental health professionals with advanced mental health training. Clinical social workers are trained and licensed to evaluate mental health, offer diagnostic impressions, and provide psychotherapy.
Licensed Addictions Counselor Addictions counselors are licensed as a Licensed Addictions Counselor (LAC), (bachelor’s degree), or as a  Licensed Clinical Addictions Counselor (LCAC), (master’s degree in counseling and addiction therapy). Both have two years of specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of substance use disorders prior to licensure and are restricted from providing non-substance  related psychotherapy.
Licensed Mental Health Counselor Licensed mental health counselors are mental health professionals with advanced training in mental health and licenses that allow them to evaluate, offer diagnostic impressions, and treat mental health disorders through psychotherapy.
Marriage and Family Therapist Marriage and family therapists are licensed counselors with specialized training in working with couples and families. They can offer diagnostic impressions regarding mental health disorders and provide individual psychotherapy as well.
Neuropsychologist A clinical neuropsychologist is a licensed psychologist with expertise in evaluating how behavior and skills are related to brain structures and systems. They conduct a detailed assessment of abilities such as memory and thinking skills, and the pattern of strengths and weaknesses is used to help with diagnosis and treatment planning. While some neuropsychologists also provide treatment, such as such as cognitive rehabilitation, behavior management, or psychotherapy, many only conduct evaluations and make recommendations.
A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of mental or psychiatric illnesses. Psychiatrists differ from other mental health professionals in their ability to prescribe psychotropic medications – medications that may be used as part of mental health treatment.
Counseling and clinical psychologists are licensed doctoral level health services providers who provide professional services relating to the diagnosis, assessment, evaluation, and treatment of emotional and behavioral disorders. These services include psychological testing and other procedures for diagnosing mental illness, and for understanding and treating intellectual, emotional, and behavioral problems.
School Counselor

School counselors hold a master’s degree with a concentration in school counseling (or the equivalent). School counselors provide different services from school to school, including: teaching social/emotional learning curricula to students, providing individual and/or group counseling to students, providing consultation to staff and parents regarding social, emotional, and behavioral issues, and helping to promote and create a healthy learning environment at school.

School Psychologist A school psychologist has extensive training in the relationship between the mind and behavior and learning.  School psychologists work within a school system where they often administer psycho-educational evaluations or tests that evaluate a student’s cognitive ability, achievement, and learning styles.
Student Assistance Professional (SAP) Student Assistance Professionals provide school based services such as substance abuse prevention, education, screening, and intervention. Student Assistance Professionals also make referrals to community providers and/or programs for assessment and treatment.


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